Who hasn't got sunburnt or accidentally touched a hot pot?! It is not difficult to get skin burns, because there are burn sources on every step: hot water, steam, hot objects, flames, chemicals, electricity and even staying in the sun for too long can lead to skin burns.
Burns can be superficial, partial-thickness and full thickness, therefore it is important to determine the degree of burns, as the treatment method depends on the degree.
Visit a health care specialist immediately if:
Minor and superficial burns can be treated at home. First uncover the burn wound and rinse with cool water. The burnt skin must be cooled with a cold compress, the burnt skin can be held under cold (but not freezing) running water for 10–15 minutes: it will decrease pain and the size of the burn, but if it is a chemical burn, the affected area can be held under running water even 20–25 minutes.
To avoid an infection of the burn, use antibacterial products for skin disinfection, such as Furasol dissolved in a glass of water: the solution is used to treat the skin 1–2 times per day. Unlike alcohol containing solutions, Furasol is not irritating, therefore it is recommended in the treatment of burns, when the skin is particularly sensitive.
If blisters develop after a burn, you must take extra care — the blisters may not be punctured, because that increases the possibility of an infection. If, however, the blister is punctured or it breaks by itself, skin must be treated with Furasol: this will rinse out small foreign bodies out of the wound, but the skin treatment must continue like before 1–2 times per day; this will prevent an infection and foster tissue healing.
If it hurts a lot, over-the-counter pain killers can be used to reduce pain (such as ibuprofen, paracetamol). If the pain does not subside after taking the pain killers, visit your doctor.
To avoid burns, it is recommended to take certain precautions: