What to do in case of burns?

Who hasn't got sunburnt or accidentally touched a hot pot?! It is not difficult to get skin burns, because there are burn sources on every step: hot water, steam, hot objects, flames, chemicals, electricity and even staying in the sun for too long can lead to skin burns.

Burns can be superficial, partial-thickness and full thickness, therefore it is important to determine the degree of burns, as the treatment method depends on the degree.

  • Superficial burns, like sun burns — the burnt skin is red, swollen, sensitive, sometimes painful. They are usually healed within 3–6 days, do not leave scars. These burns can be easily treated at home.
  • Partial-thickness burns are more severe than superficial burns, the burnt area is painful and there might be blisters that fill with fluid. These burns can heal without scarring, but the skin of the burn can stay darker or lighter. Usually, the burns are no longer visible or perceptible within 1–3 weeks. In less severe cases, these burns can be treated at home.
  • Full thickness burns — the burnt skin covers with whitish-grey film, is not painful. These burns do not heal without surgical intervention, and extensive scarring remains after the burn. A health care specialist must be visited.

Visit a health care specialist immediately if:

  • the burn has affected face, palms or fingers, the area around genitals, feet;
  • the burn is around a joint area;
  • the burn is deep or larger than 7 cm in diameter;
  • the burn is all the way around the neck, body or a limb;
  • the burn has affected a child under the age of 5 or an elderly person over the age of 60;
  • there are skin infection signs, such as excessive redness, pain, puss-like discharge develops, the body temperature is above 38 °C.

Minor and superficial burns can be treated at home. First uncover the burn wound and rinse with cool water. The burnt skin must be cooled with a cold compress, the burnt skin can be held under cold (but not freezing) running water for 10–15 minutes: it will decrease pain and the size of the burn, but if it is a chemical burn, the affected area can be held under running water even 20–25 minutes.

To avoid an infection of the burn, use antibacterial products for skin disinfection, such as Furasol dissolved in a glass of water: the solution is used to treat the skin 1–2 times per day. Unlike alcohol containing solutions, Furasol is not irritating, therefore it is recommended in the treatment of burns, when the skin is particularly sensitive.

If blisters develop after a burn, you must take extra care — the blisters may not be punctured, because that increases the possibility of an infection. If, however, the blister is punctured or it breaks by itself, skin must be treated with Furasol: this will rinse out small foreign bodies out of the wound, but the skin treatment must continue like before 1–2 times per day; this will prevent an infection and foster tissue healing.

If it hurts a lot, over-the-counter pain killers can be used to reduce pain (such as ibuprofen, paracetamol). If the pain does not subside after taking the pain killers, visit your doctor.

To avoid burns, it is recommended to take certain precautions:

  • store candles, matches, lighters away from children;
  • avoid smoking;
  • do not place hot objects (such as pots, pans, hair straighteners, irons) close to edges, from where they can fall down or where a child can reach it;
  • do not allow children to come close to stoves, ovens, and fireplaces when they are being used;
  • before going out in the sun, use sun screen, sunbathe in moderation;
  • add Furasol to your first aid kit at home.