How to treat wounds?
The inpatient and careless human nature is often the reason for suffering injuries. How else will the kid learn how to ride a bicycle? Would the dinner salad chopped more carefully be just as tasty? Will we be able to make all guests understand that the cat does not particularly enjoy his tail being pulled on?
Although it seems that there are no answers to these questions, we must be ready for minor daily accidents and know how to treat the wound to make healing faster.
The wounds can be very diverse! Cuts, stabbings, shootings, chopped, bludgeoned, smashed, torn, scratched, bitten, burnt, frost-bitten, and mixed. Many of these types of wounds must be treated by a doctor, which is why you should definitely consider a doctor's consultation before doing anything by yourself. Household traumas that can be treated at home are generally cuts, hits, scratches, brazed wounds, first level burns. Measures to treat wounds successfully:
- a bleeding wound must be pressed on with a clean, soft fabric bandage. This will stop the bleeding. If the wound is minor, then the coagulation factors will manage their task quickly, and bleeding will stop in a few minutes. If the wound, however, is bigger, the bandage must remain on the wound for longer, even up to 15 minutes;
- patience! If the bandage is pulled off the wound, bleeding might start again;
- also cold compresses will help blood vessels contract and reduce bleeding, swelling and redness. But be careful (!) — if the compress is too cold, you can get a frostbite.
- take painkillers if it hurts a lot;
- the wound must be cleaned. It is good to keep in mind that even the minutest scratch is no longer sterile. Microorganisms enter the wound through the torn skin and, if the wound is not treated, infection process might start;
- start cleaning the wound by rinsing with warm water (for about 5 minutes). Soap can be used to clean the wound;
- in order to properly clean the wound, we recommend the antibacterial product Furasol, which does not only treat the infection but also prevents its development. It can rinse out minor foreign bodies. It is not caustic, does not irritate the surrounding and injured tissue, and is suitable for treating wounds suffered by children;
- to prevent the possibility that an infection enters the wound, it should be covered with a clean bandage after the treatment;
- the bandages must be changed and the wound treated every day. Furasol solution will come in handy, as it is recommended for daily disinfection of wounds 1–2 times per day;
- in order to clean the wound properly, it is important to prepare Furasol correctly. The contents of the pack are dissolved in 200 ml hot boiled water. Cool the solution before use. The solution is prepared right before use; prepare a new Furasol pack for the next time. One package contains 15 packs. Ask your pharmacist or family physician if you have doubts about the use.
However, even though it might at first seem like a minor wound, bear in mind situations, when you should seek medical assistance:
- if bleeding is strong and does not stop after the wound has been pressed, applying cold compresses, and limbs are lifted up;
- if the wound is very deep or long — possibly, surgical assistance might be needed to suture it;
- in case of being bitten by a dog or another animal — there is never 100 % certainty about the health of the animal; even if it is your own pet. To be safe, visit a specialist and vaccinate the animal against rabies;
- if you have not received tetanus vaccination for 5–10 years, consult your physician about immediate revaccination;
- if the wound does not heal and an infection has developed (redness, swelling increases, pus develops, the pain does not die down, fever), you must consult a specialist to decide on further therapy.